Daily Archives: December 22, 2020

Yalta Agreement Betrayal

Winston Churchill, barely soft in the face of communism and leader of the opposition to the 1938 Munich Accords, visited Moscow in October 1944 and agreed that the Soviet Union would have exceptional influence in Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary; that the West would win in Greece; Yugoslavia would be a 50-50 split between them. That is essentially what happened. It was, as Churchill said, an “insolent” injunction that was taken against Roosevelt`s wishes, but it reflected the military realities on the ground. Apart from these agreements, Eastern Europe has not been formally divided between the great powers. Tolstoy describes the different groups of more than five million Russians who fell into the hands of Germany. These include prisoners of war, forced labourers (eastern workers), collaborators, refugees, emigrants and anti-communists. Conditions in Germany for Soviet prisoners were appalling and their mortality rate high, making it attractive to many workers, Russian relief troops or the Russian Liberation Army (ROA). The situation of the Russian soldiers was complicated by the attitude of the Soviet government, which rejected the efforts of the International Red Cross to intervene and considered it a traitor to anyone who had surrendered to the enemy. The 1944 Moscow Conference and the Yalta Agreement laid the groundwork for the participation of the British and American governments in support of the Soviet government`s repatriation programme. Tolstoy was particularly critical of Anthony Eden`s role in trying to appease the Soviets.

Victims of Yalta (British title) is a 1977 book by Nikolai Tolstoy that describes the fate of Soviet citizens who were under German control during World War II and eventually fell into the hands of the Western Allies. In accordance with the secret Moscow Convention of 1944, confirmed at the Yalta Conference in 1945, all citizens of the Soviet Union should be repatriated without election – a death sentence for many by execution or destruction by work. In some cases, deliberate duplicity is argued, arguing that secret agreements or intentions were at odds with public agreements. One example is Winston Churchill`s secret agreement with the USSR that the Atlantic Charter did not apply to the Baltic States. Faced with strategic demands to win the war, British Prime Minister Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had no choice but to accept the demands of their former ally, Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, at the Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam conferences, said retired American diplomat Charles G. Stefan.

[4] This does not deny treason, but justifies it for reasons of realpolitik, which masks the importance of the American leader in Yalta. President Roosevelt was a sick man at the Conference of the Big Three, where he was advised by a Soviet spy agent.